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10 “Based on a True Story” Movies That Really Aren’t

18 March 2016 | Features, Film Lists | by Juan Orellana

ARGO (2012)

Some say there isn’t a fictional story that hasn’t happened first, in some way, in real life. From the union of world armies to fight against an evil regime (Lord of the Rings) to the complex interactions between Parisians and immigrants in 21st century France (Code Unknown), it is possible to find an example throughout all genres.

So, if art is mostly based on reality, finding interesting true stories to adapt must be the easiest thing ever, right? Well, actually, it is. The Wolf of Wall Street is a good example of an accurate and fun adaptation of real life. It stays faithful to its source material while managing to entertain audiences, just like any other film.

Sadly, for certain folks, the “based on a true story” label is more like a meaningless phrase directors put at the beginning of a movie to get Academy Awards nominations. This then makes us wonder why they don’t just make a fictional movie about the story they’re interested in instead of taking the names of real people and improvising the rest, implying that what we’re seeing are the actual facts.

Here are some movies that claim to portray lives of real humans, when they are actually far from it.


1. Joy (2015)


The Movie Story: Joy has been a brilliant woman since she was a little girl and as creative as a child can be. Fast forward to her 20s and she’s, sadly, working at a cheap airline and living with her obnoxious mom who watches TV all day. She is divorced, has two kids, and couldn’t go to college because she had to help her parents who were going through a divorce and having economic problems. Also, her handsome, Venezuelan singer ex-husband lives in her basement, for some reason.

Suddenly, Joy has the brilliant idea of inventing a self-wringing mop. She will have to overcome an endless storm of difficulties to earn enough money to provide for her kids.

The Real Story: Joy Mangano did invent the “Miracle Mop” and had to sell it herself on national television. And that’s about it.

Real-life Joy graduated from Pace University as a business major. Her husband was a fellow student and they had three kids. After the divorce, she moved to a small house with her children. Joy soon invented the mop that would alleviate her economic issues. It worked wonderfully; then she started her own company and now owns hundreds of patents.

None of the film’s over-the-top drama was present in real Joy’s life. Her half-sister (a key part of the various plot devices included by writer/director David O. Russell) didn’t even exist. The real Joy didn’t go through hell in order to sell her product. She basically solved all her financial problems the day she started manufacturing the mop.


2. Saving Mr. Banks (2013)

Saving Mr. Banks (2013)

The Movie Story: P. L. Travers (the reclusive writer of Mary Poppins) flies to L.A. so she can decide if she will sell the film rights of her precious novel to Walt Disney. She wants to supervise every aspect of the possible film in order to protect the story from being dumbed down.

The writer spends her hours saying no to everything the screenwriters propose, just agreeing on certain details after Tom Hanks’ Disney approaches. (Hanks basically played himself, aka a charming 40 year old guy whom everyone feels confident about.) But, after sharing some common traumatic experiences, Walt convinces her to give up the rights. Travers sheds tears of happiness at the premiere, setting her beloved character free.

The Real Story: There wasn’t really much conflict between the screenwriters and Travers, given the fact that she had already given up the rights. She decided to go to L.A. to consult on the already-written script. Sadly, sweet Walt also didn’t open his heart and relay his childhood traumas, as in the film, to convince her to let him do the movie.

Disney didn’t stay around to lure her either. The film was green-lighted, so he was making arrangements for the production. He was the president of the company- presidents don’t convince other people with kind words. They have workers on the payroll to do that, called pawns.

At the premiere, real Travers cried in anger, due to what she believed was a terrible adaptation of her book. She asked Disney to cut entire sequences out of the movie, to which he responded “Pam, the ship has sailed.”


3. Dallas Buyers Club (2013)


The Movie Story: Matthew McConaughey is a cool rodeo cowboy who has sex with women in filthy stables. He gets AIDS (for obvious reasons) and starts to sell hard-to-get medications to control the HIV virus, after being in denial about his condition for a while.

He befriends a trans woman and Jennifer Garner dressed as a doctor. They both help him, in various ways, for his business to succeed.

The Real Story: McConaughey’s character (Ronald Woodroof) wasn’t a rodeo cowboy. He liked the sport, but he never practiced it.

Both Jared Leto and Jennifer Garner’s personas were as real as Leto’s boobs in the film. The screenwriters created them so they could explore LGBT issues and…employ Jennifer Garner? Ronald Woodroof had a daughter and a sister that are never mentioned in the movie, because obviously casual friends are more important than family.


4. Captain Phillips (2013)

Tom Hanks - Captain Phillips

The Movie Story: Tom Hanks plays Richard Phillips, a ship captain whose leadership is beyond question. If the boat he’s in charge of were the White House, he would be the president.

Somali pirates kidnap the ship, but Phillips, with his fearless leader skills, manages to negotiate the crew’s freedom. The criminals then take him instead as a hostage and ask for a rescue.

The Real Story: The real life crew that was under Phillips’ command that unfortunate day tell a different story. They claim their captain behaved in a selfish and uncaring way. This group of sailors sued their employers for 50 million dollars, claiming Phillips’ disregard for his crew’s safety contributed to the attack.

Captain Philips even refused to follow the anti-pirate protocol and didn’t care about safety procedures. Ships were warned to stay at least 600 miles from the dangerous Somali coast, with the crew claiming they were barely at 235 miles when the events occurred.

One of the sailors, Mike Perry, is said to have attacked one of the pirates to use him as bargain to gain Phillips’ liberation. The film must have been called “Chief Engineer Perry” instead. But, we must admit it isn’t as catchy.


5. Argo (2012)

argo movie

The Movie Story: Tony Mendez (Ben Affleck) uses his CIA skills to singlehandedly get six Americans out of a conflicted Iran. He poses as a movie producer, scouting for locations in Tehran. The guys he’s come to rescue play as his crew. They go looking for locations around the city and nearly get massacred by a mob of angry American haters.

When they’re finally going to the airport, their plane tickets need to be checked several times by Iranian military. Our heroes enter the plane safely, until the soldiers notice something strange on their tickets and chase them down the runway, shooting at the plane with machine guns. However, the plane is able to take off towards freedom.

The Real Story: It’s easy to imagine Ben Affleck reading Tony Mendez’s book and thinking “Nah, this needs some spicing uuup.”

Affleck eliminated the other agent who accompanied Mendez to Iran from his version of the events, maybe to get more lines and screen time. They did posed as movie producers, with articles about the fake movie in Variety and other famous publications, but they never went to scout locations in the middle of an American-hating Tehran. That would be foolish.

Waiting around playing games and drinking in the house the Canadians set up for them was all the Americans did. The only drama they really had were a few scares with locals noticing their not-Iranian faces.

When the crew went to the airport, they made the intelligent move of booking the earliest flight home; the military would be asleep at that time. So they just went through the checkpoints like a bird goes through a cloud.

There wasn’t any anxious waiting or ending shootout. In real life, the Canadians did most of the work and were only honored because the CIA wanted to hide their participation in the operation. The director decided to take revenge on that fact by omitting most of the Canadians’ actions to make it an all-American win. America! Fuck yeah! (I guess.)



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  • Fa Mariale

    This was a really fun read. I would’ve also included The Theory of Everything: Stephen Hawkins was a real dick to his wife, and the nurse he left her for was abusive to him and other minor details that were exagerations.
    Also Annabelle, The Conjuring, The Amytiville Horror and any other film based on Ed and Lorraine Warren’s work: they were frauds, the people they “helped” have confessed that everything was made up.

  • Hamid Razi

    lol Argo , lol the Oscar they gave to it.

  • Dimitri Poenaru

    You seem to despise all these movies, but personally i think that most of them are only “inspired” from real life events, and that the filmmakers thought of a good story out of those events, and didn’t want to present them differently to confuse the viewers or anything like that. I really liked Argo, for example, although i read about how it really happened some time ago, and i know they’ve altered the facts A LOT. Still, it was a very enjoyable movie that has all my respect.

  • Abhishek Mondal

    Based on … really means inspired from. If these movies were indeed made shot for shot on actual events then it would be called a documentary. Taking liberations to spice up the plot is important part of making a film palatable.

  • glebsky

    Really, the only movie that should be on this list (and isn’t) is Fargo.

    • Athena Padgett

      Actually, the Coen brothers fully admit that their ‘based on a true story” was loosely based on events that might or might not have happened. They’re funny that way

    • Tobias Palma

      Fargo is openly and admittedly an irony from top to bottom. the whole “based on a real story” thing is part of that irony.

  • Rick Deckard

    Few facts about argo that are wrong in the article. 1. They didn’t chase them because of something in the ticket but because from assembling the shreds at the embassy they realised that one of the crew was a diplomat. 2. They didn’t go location scouting. They were asked to do it so the iranian officials could get candids.

  • DanCarmo

    Great read, can’t beat an author who can bring a sense of fun into an article. Had me laughing throughout!

  • Brian Ski

    A true story. i wont read anything else by this clown author.

  • G V


  • Nick Arno

    I just wanted to point out that what Eastwood did with American Sniper was important because he wasn’t making the muslims out to be villains more that he was trying to make Kyle seem like the real villain who was falsely considered a hero. He showed how broken up Kyle was about killing those people, and more importantly left the interpretation up to the audience because not every muslim in the film was doing something bad and not every American was “good” by any means.

    • Bman

      That’s probably the most over-interpreted idea for an American propaganda Hollywood film I’ve ever heard. Being from America to an American audience, it portrays, obviously, a war “hero”. No American audience wants to hear how he was considered an assassin, fuck that. Instead let’s show how he was an American war hero because that’s what America’s about. (Even though America is not only United States). You can’t seriously say the film can be interpreted as Kyle being the villain, when all of the film tells you exactly how you should feel about him and how no one else seems to wonder wether he’s doing the right thing because the only conflict he seems to have is that he wants to continue going to war.

      • Sammy Swiegers

        You guys forget about one VERY important point, that being… CLINT FRIGGIN EASTWOOD. His storytelling doesn’t allow for stances. His milieu and characters are simply “the way things are”. Gran Torino? His world is full of racism and everyone is fine (see the conversations with the barber). He helps an asian family, but still calls them “slopes” and “gook”. Unforfiven? Formerly supremely evil guy becomes anti-hero by doing supremely evil things for payment. FLAGS and IWO JIMA? Hell, the reason why two flicks from opposite sides can exist is due to merely creating a situation of “this the way it is and nothing more… nothing less”. Many more. He’s a master at making protagonists of very flawed characters…

  • Robert Cunningham

    They are based on a true story, if it is true it would say This is a True Story

  • Simon

    Awakenings, with Robin Williams and Robert Deniro. The people treated with the medication were so traumatised by the experience of waking to find themselves old, and by the sexual thoughts the lack of an adolescence left them unprepared for, that they asked to be taken off the medication.

  • Eugene Morris

    “American Sniper” was meant to about guess what ? The American Sniper Chris Kyle it was intended to show show of the things he went through. Not to stir debate about the questions if his targets motivations. The writers prejudice shows throughout this article.

    • Darko “Darnell” Milovanovic

      American sniper is one of shittiest propaganda movies out there. Behind every USA war there is a hidden political reason. All American soldiers are brainwashed puppets fighting for “their country”. This movie is classic Hollywood and it’s altering nationalism among Americans.

      • Eugene Morris

        Sounds like you see what you have been manipulated to see. I’m sure you think you have come with this pseudo intellectual idea on your own. Not realizing that you are the one who is brainwashed and , blindly following orders. A soldier in a cultural war with a hidden agenda. ” The world won’t end with a bang but, with a whimper”

        • Darko “Darnell” Milovanovic

          You have no idea, but it’s fine… Your life, you can be as blind as fucking you want to be …

          • bourgeoisie scum

            seriously, kill yourself. do it, do it, do it. pull the trigger

          • Darko “Darnell” Milovanovic

            Grow up fat boy.

          • Sammy Swiegers

            Actually, Eastwood makes movies where there is an often uncomfortable environment and he has characters that tell a story of how certain individuals move through that environment. Reminds us that there are REAL people, with REAL lives at ground level, while we are always discussing the big political and social picture. He would have good at making a movie about Goebbels and his family amid the events of WWII, for example…

  • Paul Best

    U-571, or any of the other Hollywood films in which the US take credit for things done by the British (while the Americans were still deciding which side to support in “the European war”). This always happens. One American soldier in an army of foreign mercenaries and it’s portrayed as “All-American know-how wins the war” in Hollywood. See Saving Private Ryan, (supposedly “realistic” portrayal of American Army in D-Day not meeting any other allied forces) and any number of John Wayne or Errol Flynn flagwavers.

  • Steve Dodds

    Good article.

  • Bobba Fett

    “In war,there are no heroes” ? American Sniper is “racist and ..irresponsible” ? What are you blathering about ? People put their lives on the line to keep others from killing you, you pompous blowhard.

    • bourgeoisie scum

      this is what the left is all about now, nobody is a hero unless they cut their dick off

  • Dean Kish

    GOLD (2016)… Braveheart… Social Network… Jobs… Amadeus… etc etc… it’s traditional in Hollywood to fudge true stories so they become more entertaining…

    • John W. Thackery

      Amadeus was based on the highly successful stage musical. It wasn’t wrapped with the “based on a true story” label.

  • bourgeoisie scum

    “You see, in war there are no heroes” you know who says dumb shit like this? weak little mealy mouthed pussies who don’t have the balls to serve their country but hide behind a keyboard like the smug, entitled little snowflakes that they are. fuck you you commie loser.

  • Pingback: Topismos: 10 filmes que não são realmente “baseados em fatos reais” | Lion Movies()

  • Vibhooti Mangal Tiwari

    One of the funniest pieces I’ve read here in a while.